Region around the Earth’s North Pole is named Arctic. Arctic is mainly ice-covered ocean and some frozen ground. Despite of harsh climate life in the Arctic (on ice and below ice) includes indigenous peoples, land and marine animals.
From photo gallery Arctic;
- Generally speaking:
- Opposite to the Arctic and the North Pole is Antarctica, located on the South Pole and surrounded by the Southern Ocean.
- Approximate limit of the polar night at 66° 33´N is considered as the Arctic Circle.